Tuesday , 21 May 2024
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Global Economy

"There is a race to deforestation"

In the Amazon, despite promises from the Brazilian government, more trees have been felled than ever before. Compared to January 2021, deforestation in the world's largest jungle has more than quintupled to 430 square kilometers, according to data published by the Brazilian space research agency Inpe. The deforested area is larger than the federal state of Bremen.

Illegal deforestation should end by 2028

Under international pressure from the US and Europe, the Brazilian government under President Jair Bolsonaro pledged last year to end illegal deforestation by 2028. At the climate summit in Glasgow in November, the government, together with more than 100 other countries, signed a global agreement that provides for the end of large-scale deforestation.

However, Bolsonaro sees the Amazon region primarily as untapped economic potential and wants to open up even more land for agriculture, mining and energy production. Critics accuse him of having created a social climate in which farmers also feel encouraged to take land illegally for agricultural use. It has also weakened environmental and control authorities.

Cultivation of soya and cattle breeding

"There is a race to deforest the Amazon," said Britaldo Soares Filho, an environmental researcher at the University of Minas Gerais. Speculators reckoned with impunity and would clear primeval forest areas again and again. The free area is used for the cultivation of soya and cattle breeding.

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